Chondroprotective Factors in Osteoarthritis: a Joint Affair.
Mimpen JY., Snelling SJB.
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Osteoarthritis is widely regarded as a spectrum of conditions that affect all joint tissues, typified by a common entity: cartilage loss. Here, we review recent progress and challenges in chondroprotection and discuss new strategies to prevent cartilage loss in osteoarthritis. RECENT FINDINGS: Advances in clinical, molecular, and cellular characterization are enabling improved stratification of osteoarthritis subtypes. Integration of next-generation sequencing and "omics" approaches with clinically relevant readouts shows promise in delineating both subtypes of disease and meaningful trial end points. Novel delivery strategies are enabling joint-specific delivery. Chondroprotection requires a whole joint approach, stratification of patient groups, and use of patient-relevant end points. Drug development should continue to explore new targets, while using modern technologies and recent knowledge to re-visit unsuccessful therapeutics from the past. The overarching goal for chondroprotection is to provide the right treatment(s) for the right patient at the right time.