Interleukin-6 does not stimulate bone resorption in neonatal mouse calvariae.
al-Humidan A., Ralston SH., Hughes DE., Chapman K., Aarden L., Russell RG., Gowen M.
Recombinant human interleukin-6 (IL-6) was assessed for its ability to stimulate bone resorption in prelabeled mouse calvariae in vitro. IL-6 had no effect on bone resorption at concentrations ranging from 300 to 10,000 U/ml (3-1000 pg/ml). Neither the presence of indomethacin nor prolonged incubation periods (96 h) affected this result. IL-6 did not affect resorption stimulated by human recombinant IL-1 alpha (rIL-1 alpha) but inhibited resorption stimulated by parathyroid hormone (PTH) and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3]. rIL-1 alpha, PTH, and 1,25-(OH)2D3 induced IL-6 release by calvariae. We conclude from these studies that IL-6 does not stimulate bone resorption in neonatal mouse calvariae. However, it may act as a locally produced inhibitor and therefore a paracrine regulator of bone resorption induced by osteotropic hormones. IL-6 could also function as a long-range stimulator of systemic reactions and acute-phase responses to local inflammatory and neoplastic lesions in bone.