Partial purification of a factor from human synovium that possesses interleukin 1, chondrocyte stimulating and catabolin-like activities.
Elford PR., Meats JE., Sharrard RM., Russell RG.
Human synovial explants in culture release material that stimulates the production of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and several extracellular enzymes by human chondrocytes. Fractionation of conditioned medium by gel filtration revealed a protein of approx. 15 kDa, which in addition to stimulating production of PGE2 and plasminogen activator by human articular chondrocytes, possessed interleukin 1 activity and induced cartilage degradation. Further purification using iso-electric focussing again showed co-elution of these activities with a major pI of 6.9 and a minor pI of 5.1-5.3. This study indicated that human synovium releases a factor that is closely related to or identical with interleukin 1 and suggests that this protein may participate in cellular interactions that occur within the rheumatoid joint.