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William Adams described the Forward Bending Test for scoliosis in 1865. His understanding of the nature of the rotational element of scoliosis was given by a postmortem he performed on an eminent surgeon and geologist, Gideon Mantell. The clinical history of Dr. Mantell is well documented.


Journal article


Spine (phila pa 1976)

Publication Date





1953 - 1955


Back Pain, England, General Surgery, Geology, History, 18th Century, History, 19th Century, Humans, Male, Polyradiculopathy, Posture, Scoliosis, Spinal Cord Compression