Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

UNLABELLED: We utilised the Hertfordshire cohort study to examine relationships between bone density at baseline and SF-36 status 4 years later. We found deterioration in the mental health domain over follow-up in osteoporotic men (but not women) compared with other groups (relative rate ratio=5.78, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.78-19.2). INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis is associated with decreased quality of life, although it has been difficult to evaluate the confounding effects of fracture and co-morbidity. Having previously shown that male osteoporotics have poorer health than counterparts with normal bone mineral density, even after adjustment for co-morbidity and prior fracture, we assessed quality of life in both groups 4 years apart. METHODS: Four hundred and ninety-eight men and 468 women completed questionnaires detailing lifestyle factors, co-morbidities and quality of life (SF-36) before undergoing bone density measurements at the lumbar spine and total femur. At follow-up 4 years later, 322 men and 320 women were reassessed. RESULTS: Multinomial logistic regression confirmed deterioration in mental health over follow-up in osteoporotic men compared with other groups (relative rate ratio=5.78, 95% CI 1.78-19.2). These patterns were not apparent among women. CONCLUSIONS: Men with lower bone density at baseline had poorer quality of life some 4 years later, even after adjustment for co-morbidity and fracture. This may reflect secondary osteoporosis in men (due to alcohol or hypogonadism).

Original publication




Journal article


Osteoporos int

Publication Date





1817 - 1824


Absorptiometry, Photon, Aged, Bone Density, Cohort Studies, Comorbidity, Female, Femur, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Life Style, Lumbar Vertebrae, Male, Mental Disorders, Middle Aged, Osteoporosis, Psychometrics, Quality of Life