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OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the T cell receptor (TCR) A or TCRB loci exhibit linkage with disease in multiplex rheumatoid arthritis (RA) families. METHODS: A linkage study was performed in 184 RA families from the UK Arthritis and Rheumatism Council Repository, each containing at least 1 affected sibpair. The microsatellites D14S50, TCRA, and D14S64 spanning the TCRA locus and D7S509, Vbeta6.7, and D7S688 spanning the TCRB locus were used as DNA markers. The subjects were genotyped using a semiautomated polymerase chain reaction-based method. Two-point and multipoint linkage analyses were performed. RESULTS: Nonparametric single-marker likelihood odds (LOD) scores were 0.49 (P = 0.07) for D14S50, 0.65 (P = 0.04) for TCRA, 0.07 (P = 0.29) for D14S64, 0.01 (P = 0.43) for D7S509, 0.0 (P = 0.50) for Vbeta6.7, and 0.0 (P = 0.50) for D7S688. By multipoint analysis, there was no evidence of linkage at TCRB (LOD score 0), and the maximum LOD score at the TCRA locus was 0.37 (at D14S50). The presence of a susceptibility locus (LOD score < -2.0) was excluded, with lambda > or = 1.8 at TCRA and > or = 1.4 at TCRB. CONCLUSION: These linkage studies provide no significant evidence of a major germline-encoded TCRA or TCRB component of susceptibility to RA.

Original publication

DOI

10.1002/art.1780401011

Type

Journal article

Journal

Arthritis and rheumatism

Publication Date

10/1997

Volume

40

Pages

1798 - 1802

Addresses

Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, UK.

Keywords

Humans, Arthritis, Rheumatoid, Chromosome Mapping, Microsatellite Repeats, Lod Score, Alleles, Genes, T-Cell Receptor alpha, Genes, T-Cell Receptor beta, Genetic Linkage