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Solid organ transplantation is a vital therapy for end stage diseases. Decades of research have established that components of the adaptive immune system are critical for transplant rejection, but the role of the innate immune system in organ transplantation is just emerging. Accumulating evidence indicates that the innate immune system is activated at the time of organ implantation by the release of endogenous inflammatory triggers. This review discusses the nature of these triggers in organ transplantation and also potential mediators that may enhance inflammation resolution after organ implantation.

Original publication

DOI

10.1111/imr.12146

Type

Journal article

Journal

Immunol rev

Publication Date

03/2014

Volume

258

Pages

132 - 144

Keywords

inflammation, organ transplantation, resolution, Allografts, Animals, Graft Rejection, Humans, Immunity, Innate, Inflammation, Inflammation Mediators, Organ Transplantation, Signal Transduction, Treatment Outcome