Organ failure in the ICU: cellular alterations.
Fullerton JN., Singer M.
The physiological and biochemical abnormalities that constitute multiple organ failure represent cellular perturbations that, importantly, need to be reconciled with a lack of significant cell death together with availability but impaired utilization of oxygen. In conjunction with the relatively rapid ability of the organ to recover in surviving patients, a paradigm of metabolic shutdown triggered by a decrease in mitochondrial energy production appears increasingly valid. This review discusses data demonstrating temporal changes in oxygen utilization through the septic process, evidence for mitochondrial derangements, and recovery of mitochondrial function preceding clinical recovery.