Tendon transfers for irreparable rotator cuff tears.
Adam JR., Nanjayan SKT., Johnson M., Rangan A.
Symptomatic irreparable rotator cuff tears pose a challenge for shoulder surgeons. Whilst reverse polarity shoulder arthroplasty is an effective option for older symptomatic patients who have exhausted conservative management, the optimal treatment for younger patients remains controversial. In this article we outline the main tendon transfer options, including anatomical considerations, indications, contraindications, surgical technique, complications and a review of the evidence. Tendon transfers provide an alternative joint-preserving surgical option, but the evidence so far is limited, with a clear need for well-designed comparative studies to confirm their effectiveness.