Anaesthesia: what a surgeon needs to know.
Valsamis EM., Sadler J., Kennedy T., Thornhill C., Carey C., Ricketts D.
Surgeons and anaesthetists work closely together, sometimes in challenging circumstances. To help surgeons cooperate with anaesthetists to deliver high quality care for patients, a working knowledge of modern anaesthetic practice is useful. The specialty of anaesthetics is developing rapidly, and periodic updating of this knowledge is likely to be required. This article provides an update of anaesthetic practice for surgeons, covering the varied roles of anaesthetists, preoperative assessment, management on the day of surgery (induction, maintenance and reversal of anaesthetic), general anaesthesia, the role of regional blocks and sedation. It also discusses safety issues, the management of frail patients and future challenges.