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Deep learning enabled medical image analysis is heavily reliant on expert annotations which is costly. We present a simple yet effective automated annotation pipeline that uses autoencoder based heatmaps to exploit high level information that can be extracted from a histology viewer in an unobtrusive fashion. By predicting heatmaps on unseen images the model effectively acts like a robot annotator. The method is demonstrated in the context of coeliac disease histology images in this initial work, but the approach is task agnostic and may be used for other medical image annotation applications. The results are evaluated by a pathologist and also empirically using a deep network for coeliac disease classification. Initial results using this simple but effective approach are encouraging and merit further investigation, specially considering the possibility of scaling this up to a large number of users.

Original publication




Conference paper

Publication Date





2664 - 2667


Automation, Data Curation, Histology