Midterm survivorship and clinical outcome of INDUS knee prosthesis: 5 year followup study.
Sancheti KH., Sancheti PK., Joshi RS., Patil KR., Shyam AK., Bhaskar RR.
BackgroundINDUS knee implant has been designed as per the anatomical morphology of the Indian population and has shown good clinical outcome in short term studies. The purpose of the present study was to report the midterm survivorship and clinical outcome of this implant.Materials and methodsTwo hundred and twenty three primary total knee arthroplasties in 209 consecutive patients using the INDUS knee prosthesis were prospectively enrolled. There were 145 females (155 knees) and 64 males (68 knees) with a mean age of 69.95 years (range 42-86 years). Annual followup with clinical and radiological examination was conducted, and a survivorship analysis was done using the Kaplan-Meier analysis.ResultsMean followup was 5.8 years (range 5-6.5 years). Eleven patients died while eight were lost to followup and a total of 204 knees were available for followup. The mean knee flexion improved from preoperative 110.4° ± 11.24° (range 60°-130°) to 128.17° ± 8.32° (range 100°-140°) at the final followup. The mean knee score improved from 40.1 ± 10.7 to 90.3 ± 5.34 while the function score improved from 44.35 ± 12.9 to 89.58 ± 7.43. Two patient developed infection and required revision. The Kaplan-Meier analysis reported a survivorship of 98.6% (confidence interval 95.7-99.6%) at the end for 5 years for INDUS knee prosthesis.ConclusionINDUS knee prosthesis has excellent survivorship with a good clinical outcome and low failure rate.