Meaningful Improvement in General Health Outcomes with Guselkumab Treatment for Psoriatic Arthritis: Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System-29 Results from a Phase 3 Study.
Orbai A-M., Coates LC., Deodhar A., Helliwell PS., Ritchlin CT., Leibowitz E., Kollmeier AP., Hsia EC., Xu XL., Sheng S., Jiang Y., Liu Y., Han C.
OBJECTIVE: The Phase 3 DISCOVER-1 study of guselkumab is the first randomized controlled trial to use Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) measures to assess the effects of treatment on general health outcomes in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: Patients (N = 381) with active PsA were randomized 1:1:1 to guselkumab 100 mg every 4 weeks (Q4W); guselkumab 100 mg at Week 0, Week 4, then every 8 weeks (Q8W); or placebo with Week 24 crossover to guselkumab Q4W. The PROMIS-29 Profile contains four items for each of seven domains (anxiety, depression, fatigue, pain interference, physical function, sleep disturbance, and social participation) and one pain-intensity item. Raw domain scores are converted to standardized T-scores, with norms based on a US general population mean of 50 (1 standard deviation (SD) = 10). T-score changes of ≥ 5 are considered clinically meaningful. Least-squares mean PROMIS-29 T-score changes from baseline to Week 24 and Week 52 were summarized for the guselkumab and placebo groups; nominal p-values comparing results between guselkumab and placebo were calculated at Week 24 using a mixed model for repeated measures. The proportions of patients who achieved clinically meaningful improvement in PROMIS-29 T-scores were also summarized at Week 24 and Week 52; nominal p-values comparing results between guselkumab and placebo were calculated at Week 24 using the Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test. RESULTS: In the DISCOVER-1 patient population, mean PROMIS-29 T-scores at baseline were ~ 1 SD worse for physical function and pain interference and were numerically worse for social participation, fatigue, and sleep disturbance compared with the US general population. At Week 24, mean PROMIS-29 T-scores improved in guselkumab-treated patients, approaching US population norms; T-scores continued to improve through Week 52. Significantly higher proportions of patients in both guselkumab treatment arms (31-52% across domains) had clinically meaningful improvements in pain interference, fatigue, physical function, sleep, and social participation at Week 24 versus placebo (all nominal p ≤ 0.05). CONCLUSION: In patients with active PsA, guselkumab treatment provided clinically meaningful reductions in fatigue and pain and improvement in physical function and social participation, as measured by the PROMIS-29 Profile. These improvements were maintained through 1 year. CLINICALTRIALS: GOV: Registration number, NCT03162796; Submission date 19 May 2017.