PSRR: A Web Server for Predicting the Regulation of miRNAs Expression by Small Molecules
Yu F., Li B., Sun J., Qi J., De Wilde RL., Torres-de la Roche LA., Li C., Ahmad S., Shi W., Li X., Chen Z.
Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play key roles in a variety of pathological processes by interacting with their specific target mRNAs for translation repression and may function as oncogenes (oncomiRs) or tumor suppressors (TSmiRs). Therefore, a web server that could predict the regulation relations between miRNAs and small molecules is expected to achieve implications for identifying potential therapeutic targets for anti-tumor drug development.Methods: Upon obtaining positive/known small molecule-miRNA regulation pairs from SM2miR, we generated a multitude of high-quality negative/unknown pairs by leveraging similarities between the small molecule structures. Using the pool of the positive and negative pairs, we created the Dataset1 and Dataset2 datasets specific to up-regulation and down-regulation pairs, respectively. Manifold machine learning algorithms were then employed to construct models of predicting up-regulation and down-regulation pairs on the training portion of pairs in Dataset1 and Dataset2, respectively. Prediction abilities of the resulting models were further examined by discovering potential small molecules to regulate oncogenic miRNAs identified from miRNA sequencing data of endometrial carcinoma samples.Results: The random forest algorithm outperformed four machine-learning algorithms by achieving the highest AUC values of 0.911 for the up-regulation model and 0.896 for the down-regulation model on the testing datasets. Moreover, the down-regulation and up-regulation models yielded the accuracy values of 0.91 and 0.90 on independent validation pairs, respectively. In a case study, our model showed highly-reliable results by confirming all top 10 predicted regulation pairs as experimentally validated pairs. Finally, our predicted binding affinities of oncogenic miRNAs and small molecules bore a close resemblance to the lowest binding energy profiles using molecular docking. Predictions of the final model are freely accessible through the PSRR web server at https://rnadrug.shinyapps.io/PSRR/.Conclusion: Our study provides a novel web server that could effectively predict the regulation of miRNAs expression by small molecules.