Effectiveness of Multidomain Dormitory Environment and Roommate Intervention for Improving Sleep Quality of Medical College Students: A Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial in China.
Li M., Han Q., Pan Z., Wang K., Xie J., Zheng B., Lv J.
Medical students are vulnerable to sleep disorders, which could be further exaggerated by poor dormitory environment and roommate behaviour. However, there is little evidence of whether dormitory environment intervention is effective in improving the sleep quality of medical college students in developing countries. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of a comprehensive multidomain intervention on dormitory environment and roommate behaviour among medical college students in China. In this cluster randomised controlled trial, a total of 106 dormitories (364 students) were randomly allocated into an intervention group (55 dormitories, 193 students) and a control group (51 dormitories, 171 students). The intervention group received a three-month intervention with multiple components to improve or adapt to sleep environments in dormitories; the control group received no intervention. Primary and secondary outcomes were measured at study enrolment and three months later for both groups. The linear mixed-effects models showed that, compared with the control group, the intervention was associated with a significantly decreased Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (β = -0.67, p = 0.012), and a marginally significant effect on reducing roommates' influence on sleep schedule (β = -0.21, p = 0.066). Students in the intervention group rated "making dormitory sleep rules" and "wearing eye masks" as the most effective intervention measures. These findings could contribute to the limited body of scientific evidence about sleep intervention in Chinese medical students and highlight the importance of dormitory sleep environments in maintaining sleep quality.