Differential effects of adenylyl cyclase-protein kinase A cascade on shear-induced changes of sickle cell deformability.
Ugurel E., Connes P., Yavas G., Eglenen B., Turkay M., Aksu AC., Renoux C., Joly P., Gauthier A., Hot A., Bertrand Y., Cannas G., Yalcin O.
BACKGROUND: Erythrocyte deformability is impaired in sickle cell disease (SCD). The regulation of cytoskeletal protein organization plays a key role in erythrocyte deformability. The activation of adenylyl cyclase (AC)/cAMP/Protein kinase A (PKA) signaling pathway was associated with increased deformability in healthy erythrocytes, however the role of this pathway in SCD is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated mechanical responses of sickle red blood cells under physiological levels of shear stress and the possible link between their deformability and AC/cAMP/PKA signaling pathway. METHODS: The shearing of sickle red blood cells at physiological level (5 Pa) and the measurement of deformability were performed by a laser assisted optical rotational cell analyzer (LORRCA). RESULTS: Red blood cell deformability increased of 2.5-6.5% by blocking the activity of phosphodiesterase with Pentoxifylline (10μM) (p