Dupuytren Disease: Prevalence, Incidence, and Lifetime Risk of Surgical Intervention. A Population-Based Cohort Analysis.
Broekstra DC., Kuo RYL., Burn E., Prieto-Alhambra D., Furniss D.
BACKGROUND: Health care burden attributable to Dupuytren disease (DD) is largely unknown. The authors determined (1) the prevalence and incidence of DD, (2) the incidence of first surgical intervention, and (3) the lifetime risk of surgical intervention in the United Kingdom National Healthcare Service. METHODS: In this population-based dynamic cohort analysis, data of the Clinical Practice Research Datalink was linked to Hospital Episode Statistics, to characterize the diagnosis and surgical treatment of DD. Secular trends of incidence of DD diagnosis and first surgical treatment were calculated for 2000 to 2013. A multistate Markov model was designed to estimate the lifetime risk of first surgical intervention. RESULTS: A total of 10,553,454 subjects were included in the analyses, 5,502,879 (52%) of whom were women. Of these, 38,707 DD patients were identified. Point prevalence in 2013 was 0.67% (99% CI, 0.66 to 0.68). The incidence of DD almost doubled from 0.30 (99% CI, 0.28 to 0.33) per 1000 person-years in 2000, to 0.59 (99% CI, 0.56 to 0.62) per 1000 person-years in 2013. The incidence of first surgical intervention similarly increased from 0.29 (99% CI, 0.23 to 0.37) to 0.88 (99% CI, 0.77 to 1.00) in the same period. A man or woman newly diagnosed with DD at age 65 has a lifetime risk of surgical intervention of 23% and 13%, respectively, showing only a very subtle decrease when diagnosed later in life. CONCLUSIONS: DD is an important health condition in the older population, because prevalence and incidence rates have almost doubled in the past decade. Estimated lifetime risk of surgical treatment is relatively low, but almost twice in men compared with women. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Risk, III.