Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

OBJECTIVES: To compare the performance of three psoriatic arthritis (PsA) screening questionnaires in a primary care psoriasis surveillance study. METHODS: Participants with psoriasis, and not known to have psoriatic arthritis (PsA), were identified from general practice databases and invited to attend a secondary care centre for a clinical assessment. The three patient-completed screening questionnaires (PEST, CONTEST, and CONTESTjt) were administered along with other patient reported measures and a clinical examination of skin and joints was performed. Participants who demonstrated signs of inflammatory arthritis suggestive of PsA were referred, via their GP, for a further assessment in a secondary care rheumatology clinic. RESULTS: A total of 791 participants attended the screening visit and 165 participants were judged to have signs and symptoms of inflammatory arthritis, of which 150 were referred for assessment. Of these 126 were seen and 48 were diagnosed with PsA. The results for each questionnaire were as follows: PEST: Sensitivity 0.625 (95% CI 0.482-0.749), specificity 0.757 (0.724-0.787). CONTEST: Sensitivity 0.604 (0.461-0.731), specificity 0.768 (0.736-0.798). CONTESTjt: Sensitivity 0.542 (0.401-0.676), specificity 0.834 (0.805-0.859). CONTESTjt demonstrated marginally superior specificity to PEST though the area under the ROC curve was similar for all three instruments. CONCLUSIONS: Minimal differences between the three screening questionnaires were found in this study and no preference can be made based on these results. The choice of which instrument to choose will depend on other factors, such as simplicity and low patient burden.

Original publication




Journal article


Rheumatology (oxford)

Publication Date



outcome measures, psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, screening tools