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BACKGROUND: 18F-Fluoride uptake denotes calcification activity in aortic stenosis and atherosclerosis. While PET/MR has several advantages over PET/CT, attenuation correction of PET/MR data is challenging, limiting cardiovascular application. We compared PET/MR and PET/CT assessments of 18F-fluoride uptake in the aortic valve and coronary arteries. METHODS AND RESULTS: 18 patients with aortic stenosis or recent myocardial infarction underwent 18F-fluoride PET/CT followed immediately by PET/MR. Valve and coronary 18F-fluoride uptake were evaluated independently. Both standard (Dixon) and novel radial GRE) MR attenuation correction (AC) maps were validated against PET/CT with results expressed as tissue-to-background ratios (TBRs). Visually, aortic valve 18F-fluoride uptake was similar on PET/CT and PET/MR. TBRMAX values were comparable with radial GRE AC (PET/CT 1.55±0.33 vs. PET/MR 1.58 ± 0.34, P = 0.66; 95% limits of agreement - 27% to + 25%) but performed less well with Dixon AC (1.38 ± 0.44, P = 0.06; bias (-)14%; 95% limits of agreement - 25% to + 53%). In native coronaries, 18F-fluoride uptake was similar on PET/MR to PET/CT regardless of AC approach. PET/MR identified 28/29 plaques identified on PET/CT; however, stents caused artifact on PET/MR making assessment of 18F-fluoride uptake challenging. CONCLUSION: Cardiovascular PET/MR demonstrates good visual and quantitative agreement with PET/CT. However, PET/MR is hampered by stent-related artifacts currently limiting clinical application.

Original publication




Journal article


J nucl cardiol

Publication Date





1 - 12


CMR, PET, PET/CT, PET/MR, aortic stenosis, atherothrombosis, myocardial infarction, Aged, Aortic Valve Stenosis, Female, Fluorodeoxyglucose F18, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Angiography, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Infarction, Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography, Radiopharmaceuticals