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Many studies rely on self-reported smoking status. We hypothesized that patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), a smoking-related condition, would be more prone to misclassify themselves as ex-smokers, because of pressure to quit. We compared patients admitted with ACS with a general population survey conducted in the same country at a similar time. We determined whether ACS patients who classified themselves as ex-smokers (n = 635) were more likely to have cotinine levels suggestive of smoking deception than self-reported ex-smokers in the general population (n = 289). On univariate analysis, the percentage of smoking deceivers was similar among ACS patients and the general population (11% vs. 12%, p = .530). Following adjustment for age, sex and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, ACS patients were significantly more likely to misclassify themselves (adjusted OR = 14.06, 95% CI 2.13-93.01, p = .006). There was an interaction with age whereby the probability of misclassification fell significantly with increasing age in the ACS group (adjusted OR = 0.95, 95% CI 0.93-0.97, p

Original publication




Journal article


Nicotine tob res

Publication Date





861 - 866


Acute Coronary Syndrome, Aged, Bias, Cotinine, Deception, Female, Humans, Indicators and Reagents, Male, Middle Aged, Regression Analysis, Reproducibility of Results, Risk Factors, Self Disclosure, Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Surveys and Questionnaires, Tobacco Smoke Pollution, Truth Disclosure