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Bradykinin is an endothelium-dependent vasodilator and inflammatory mediator. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of bradykinin on peripheral vascular tone in patients with cirrhosis and ascites. Forearm blood flow was measured using venous occlusion plethysmography in 8 patients with biopsy-proven alcohol-induced cirrhosis, ascites, and portal hypertension, and 8 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. On 1 occasion, subjects received an intrabrachial infusion of the selective bradykinin antagonist B9340 (1.5-13.5 nmol/min) followed by a control vasoconstrictor norepinephrine (60-540 pmol/min), and on another occasion bradykinin (100-900 pmol/min) followed by the endothelium-independent vasodilator, sodium nitroprusside (SNP, 2-8 microg/min). Bradykinin and SNP caused a dose-dependent vasodilatation (P < 0.001 for both) that did not differ between the 2 groups. Although norepinephrine caused a similar dose-dependent vasoconstriction in both groups (P < 0.001), B9340 had no effect on forearm blood flow in either group (at 13.5 nmol/min in patients; -5%, 95% CI -13-3). Bradykinin does not provide a major contribution to the maintenance of peripheral vascular tone in patients with cirrhosis and ascites. Our findings also suggest that, in contrast to cardiovascular disease, patients with liver cirrhosis do not have marked endothelial dysfunction.

Original publication




Journal article


J cardiovasc pharmacol

Publication Date





556 - 560


Bradykinin, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Female, Forearm, Hemodynamics, Humans, Injections, Intra-Arterial, Liver Cirrhosis, Alcoholic, Male, Middle Aged, Muscle Tonus, Muscle, Smooth, Vascular, Norepinephrine, Plethysmography, Regional Blood Flow