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UNLABELLED: A novel PET radiotracer, Flurpiridaz F 18, has undergone phase II clinical trial evaluation as a high-resolution PET cardiac perfusion imaging agent. In a subgroup of patients imaged with this agent, we assessed the feasibility and benefit of simultaneous correction of respiratory and cardiac motion. METHODS: In 16 patients, PET imaging was performed on a 4-ring scanner in dual cardiac and respiratory gating mode. Four sets of data were reconstructed with high-definition reconstruction (HD•PET): ungated and 8-bin electrocardiography-gated images using 5-min acquisition, optimal respiratory gating (ORG)-as developed for oncologic imaging-using a narrow range of breathing amplitude around end-expiration level with 35% of the counts in a 7-min acquisition, and 4-bin respiration-gated and 8-bin electrocardiography-gated images (32 bins in total) using the 7-min acquisition (dual-gating, using all data). Motion-frozen (MF) registration algorithms were applied to electrocardiography-gated and dual-gated data, creating cardiac-MF and dual-MF images. We computed wall thickness, wall/cavity contrast, and contrast-to-noise ratio for standard, ORG, cardiac-MF, and dual-MF images to assess image quality. RESULTS: The wall/cavity contrast was similar for ungated (9.3 ± 2.9) and ORG (9.5 ± 3.2) images and improved for cardiac-MF (10.8 ± 3.6) and dual-MF images (14.8 ± 8.0) (P < 0.05). The contrast-to-noise ratio was 22.2 ± 9.1 with ungated, 24.7 ± 12.2 with ORG, 35.5 ± 12.8 with cardiac-MF, and 42.1 ± 13.2 with dual-MF images (all P < 0.05). The wall thickness was significantly decreased (P < 0.05) with dual-MF (11.6 ± 1.9 mm) compared with ungated (13.9 ± 2.8 mm), ORG (13.1 ± 2.9 mm), and cardiac-MF images (12.1 ± 2.7 mm). CONCLUSION: Dual (respiratory/cardiac)-gated perfusion imaging with Flurpiridaz F 18 is feasible and improves image resolution, contrast, and contrast-to-noise ratio when MF registration methods are applied.

Original publication




Journal article


J nucl med

Publication Date





1876 - 1881


PET, cardiac PET, cardiology (basic/technical), cardiology (clinical), flurpiridaz, motion-frozen, Adult, Aged, Algorithms, Electrocardiography, Female, Gated Blood-Pool Imaging, Heart, Humans, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardium, Positron-Emission Tomography, Pyridazines, Radiopharmaceuticals, Respiratory Mechanics