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OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition on the local stimulated release of tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) from the endothelium. BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor therapy may exert a beneficial effect on the endogenous fibrinolytic balance. METHODS: Blood flow and plasma fibrinolytic factors were measured in both forearms of eight healthy males who received unilateral brachial artery infusions of the endothelium-dependent vasodilators substance P (2 to 8 pmol/min) and bradykinin (100 to 1,000 pmol/min), and the endothelium-independent vasodilator sodium nitroprusside (2 to 8 microg/min). These measurements were performed on each of three occasions following one week of matched placebo, quinapril 40 mg or losartan 50 mg daily administered in a double-blind randomized crossover design. RESULTS: Sodium nitroprusside, substance P and bradykinin produced dose-dependent increases in the blood flow of infused forearm (analysis of variance [ANOVA], p < 0.001 for all). Although sodium nitroprusside did not affect plasma t-PA concentrations, they were increased dose-dependently in the infused forearm by substance P and bradykinin infusion (ANOVA, p < 0.001 for both). Bradykinin-induced release of active t-PA was more than doubled during treatment with quinapril in comparison to placebo or losartan (two-way ANOVA: p < 0.003 for treatment group, p < 0.001 for t-PA response and p = ns for interaction), whereas the substance P response was unaffected. CONCLUSIONS: We have shown a selective and marked augmentation of bradykinin-induced t-PA release during ACE inhibition. These findings suggest that the beneficial clinical and vascular effects of ACE inhibition may, in part, be mediated through local augmentation of bradykinin-induced t-PA release.

Original publication




Journal article


J am coll cardiol

Publication Date





1402 - 1408


Adult, Analysis of Variance, Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors, Blood Flow Velocity, Brachial Artery, Bradykinin, Cross-Over Studies, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Double-Blind Method, Drug Synergism, Endothelium, Vascular, Fibrinolysis, Forearm, Humans, Infusions, Intravenous, Isoquinolines, Losartan, Male, Nitroprusside, Plethysmography, Impedance, Quinapril, Substance P, Tetrahydroisoquinolines, Tissue Plasminogen Activator, Vasodilator Agents