Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

PURPOSE: Addition of daratumumab to pomalidomide and low-dose dexamethasone (LoDEX) is a safe and effective combination for relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma treatment. We sought to better understand immune combinational benefit of pomalidomide and daratumumab with LoDEX. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Immunophenotypic changes were analyzed in peripheral blood from longitudinal sampling of patients treated with this triplet regimen from cohort B of the CC4047-MM-014 phase II trial (NCT01946477). RESULTS: Consistent with the daratumumab mechanism, treatment led to decreased natural killer (NK) and B cells. In contrast, pronounced increases occurred in activated and proliferating NK and T cells, appreciably in CD8+ T cells, along with reduction in naïve and expansion of effector memory compartments. Timing of T-cell changes correlated with pomalidomide dosing schedule. Enhanced activation/differentiation did not result in increased exhausted T-cell phenotypes or increases in regulatory T cells. Similar immune enhancements were also observed in patients previously refractory to lenalidomide. CONCLUSIONS: These data support a potential mechanism for enhanced immune-mediated cytotoxicity in which daratumumab-mediated NK-cell diminution is partially offset by pomalidomide effects on the remaining NK-cell pool. Furthermore, daratumumab antimyeloma activity and elimination of CD38+ T cells (regulatory/activated) provide a rationale for therapeutic combination with direct tumoricidal activity and immunomodulation of pomalidomide-directed T-cell enhancements. These data highlight enhancements in immune subpopulations for the combination of daratumumab with pomalidomide and potentially with next-generation cereblon-targeting agents.

Original publication




Conference paper

Publication Date





5895 - 5902


Antibodies, Monoclonal, Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols, CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes, Cell Proliferation, Dexamethasone, Female, Humans, Immunomodulation, Immunophenotyping, Killer Cells, Natural, Lenalidomide, Male, Middle Aged, Multiple Myeloma, Neoplasm Recurrence, Local, T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory, Thalidomide