Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Tolerance to self and harmless antigens is one of the central features of the immune system, and it is obtained through a combination of multiple mechanisms. Discriminating between pathogens and non-pathogenic antigens is especially important in the intestine, which constitutes the main contact surface between the body and the outside environment. Recently, the role of Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Treg) in the establishment and maintenance of tolerance has been the focus of numerous studies. In this review, we briefly discuss the historical background leading to the identification of Foxp3+ Treg and give an overview of their role in controlling systemic and mucosal immune responses.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





6 - 10


Animals, Forkhead Transcription Factors, Humans, Immune Tolerance, Immunity, Mucosal, Interleukin-10, Intestines, Mice, T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory