Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Multicellular organisms consist of cells and extracellular matrix (ECM). ECM creates a cellular microenvironment, and cells locally degrade the ECM according to their cellular activity. A major group of enzymes that modify ECM belongs to matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and play major roles in various pathophysiological events. ECM degradation by MMPs does not occur in all cellular surroundings but only where it is necessary, and cells achieve this by directionally secreting these proteolytic enzymes. Recent studies have indicated that such enzyme secretion is achieved by targeted vesicle transport along the microtubules, and several kinesin superfamily proteins (KIFs) have been identified as responsible motor proteins involved in the processes. This chapter discusses recent findings of the vesicle transport of MMPs and their roles.

Original publication





Book title

Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology

Publication Date