Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Cells are regulated by many different means, and there is more and more evidence emerging that changes in the microenvironment greatly affect cell function. MT1-MMP is a type I transmembrane proteinase which participates in pericellular proteolysis of extracellular matrix (ECM) macromolecules. The enzyme is cellular collagenase essential for skeletal development, cancer invasion, growth, and angiogenesis. MT1-MMP promotes cell invasion and motility by pericellular ECM degradation, shedding of CD44 and syndecan1, and by activating ERK. Thus MT1-MMP is one of the factors that influence the cellular microenvironment and thereby affect cell-signaling pathways and eventually alters cellular behavior. As a proteinase, MT1-MMP is regulated by inhibitors, but it also requires formation of a homo-oligomer complex, localization to migration front of the cells, and internalization to become a "functionally active" cell function modifier. Developing new means to inhibit "functional activity" of MT1-MMP may be a new direction to establish treatments for the diseases that MT1-MMP mediates such as cancer and rheumatoid arthritis.

Original publication

DOI

10.1002/jcp.20431

Type

Journal article

Journal

Journal of cellular physiology

Publication Date

01/2006

Volume

206

Pages

1 - 8

Addresses

Kennedy Institute of Rheumatology Division, Imperial College London, Hammersmith, London, United Kingdom.

Keywords

Extracellular Matrix, Collagen, Matrix Metalloproteinases, Signal Transduction, Cell Movement, Neovascularization, Physiologic, Matrix Metalloproteinases, Membrane-Associated, Matrix Metalloproteinase 2