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T lymphocytes play a key role in the immune response to both foreign and self peptide antigens, which they recognize in combination with MHC molecules. In the past it has been difficult to analyse objectively the specificity, frequency and intensity of T cell responses. The recent application of fluorescent-labelled MHC class I multimers, however, has provided a powerful experimental approach to the direct visualisation of antigen-specific T cells. As a result, our perspective of how T cells respond to both viruses and other antigens in vivo has been greatly enhanced.

Original publication




Journal article


Arthritis res

Publication Date





265 - 269


Autoimmune Diseases, CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes, Dimerization, Flow Cytometry, Histocompatibility Antigens Class I, Humans, Immunotherapy, T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic