Interferon-β Production via Dectin-1-Syk-IRF5 Signaling in Dendritic Cells Is Crucial for Immunity to C.albicans
delFresno C., Soulat D., Roth S., Blazek K., Udalova I., Sancho D., Ruland J., Ardavín C.
Type I interferon (IFN) is crucial during infection through its antiviral properties and by coordinating the immunocompetent cells involved in antiviral or antibacterial immunity. Type I IFN (IFN-α and IFN-β) is produced after virus or bacteria recognition by cytosolic receptors or membrane-bound TLR receptors following the activation of the transcription factors IRF3 or IRF7. IFN-β production after fungal infection was recently reported, although the underlying mechanism remains controversial. Here we describe that IFN-β production by dendritic cells (DCs) induced by Candida albicans is largely dependent on Dectin-1- and Dectin-2-mediated signaling. Dectin-1-induced IFN-β production required the tyrosine kinase Syk and the transcription factor IRF5. Type I IFN receptor-deficient mice had a lower survival after C.albicans infection, paralleled by defective renal neutrophil infiltration. IFN-β production by renal infiltrating leukocytes was severely reduced in C.albicans-infected mice with Syk-deficient DCs. These data indicate that Dectin-induced IFN-β production by renal DCs is crucial for defense against C.albicans infection. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.