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High-quality randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are an integral part of evidence-based medicine. RCTs are the bricks and mortar of high-quality systematic reviews, which are important determinants of health care policy and clinical practice. For published research to be used most effectively, investigators and authors should follow the guidelines for accurate and transparent reporting of RCTs. The consolidated standards of reporting trials (CONSORT) statement and its extensions are among the most widely used reporting guidelines in biomedical research. CONSORT was adopted by the American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics in 2004. Since 2011, this Journal has been actively implementing compliance with the CONSORT reporting guidelines. The objective of this explanatory article is to highlight the relevance and implications of the various CONSORT items to help authors to achieve CONSORT compliance in their research submissions of RCTs to this and other orthodontic journals.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.ajodo.2015.03.014

Type

Journal article

Journal

American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics

Publication Date

06/2015

Volume

147

Pages

663 - 679

Addresses

Assistant professor, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Dental School, Medical Faculty, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland; private practice, Corfu, Greece. Electronic address: npandis@yahoo.com.

Keywords

Humans, Registries, Intervention Studies, Sample Size, Orthodontics, Dental Research, Bias (Epidemiology), Patient Selection, Publishing, Patient Dropouts, Guideline Adherence, Abstracting and Indexing as Topic, Periodicals as Topic, Research Support as Topic, Review Literature as Topic, Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic, Practice Guidelines as Topic, Evidence-Based Dentistry, Checklist, Research Report, Patient Outcome Assessment