Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate 1) tumor necrosis factor (TNF) microsatellite allele frequencies in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and 2) associations between TNF microsatellites and RA-associated HLA specificities in order to build up extended HLA haplotypes. METHODS: Eighty-five caucasoid patients with RA and 109 healthy caucasoid controls were typed for TNF microsatellites a-d using fluorescent-labeled primers and semiautomated genotyping. A further 56 RA patients who were selected for having certain HLA-DRB1 types were also typed for these TNF microsatellites. Linkage disequilibria between TNF and HLA alleles were calculated, and extended haplotypes were established. RESULTS: The TNFa6 allele frequency was significantly increased in the RA patients compared with the controls (P = 0.0019, odds ratio [OR] 2.5, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.3-4.6), an increase that was further evident in patients who were HLA-DRB1*0401 homozygous (P = 0.0003, OR 7.3, 95% CI 2.2-24.4). This increase was found to be due to association with HLA-DRB1*0401. No TNF microsatellite allele was found to be associated with HLA-DRB1*0404. Three HLA extended haplotypes were identified in the RA group: 1) HLA-DRB1*0401;TNFd4;TNFa6;TNFb5;HLA-B44; HLA-Cw5;HLA-A2, 2) HLA-DRB1*0301;TNFd2; TNFa2;TNFb3;HLA-B8;HLA-Cw7;HLA-A1, and 3) TNFd5;TNFc2;TNFa2;TNFb1;HLA-B62;HLA-Cw3. CONCLUSION: TNF microsatellites found to be associated with RA do not appear to be independent of class II HLA associations.


Journal article


Arthritis rheum

Publication Date





1109 - 1114


Alleles, Arthritis, Rheumatoid, Gene Frequency, Genetic Linkage, HLA-DR Antigens, HLA-DRB1 Chains, Haplotypes, Humans, Microsatellite Repeats, Polymorphism, Genetic, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha