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We tested in a retrospective study the hypothesis that women with scleroderma have an increased risk, before disease presentation, of problems in pregnancy. Reproductive history, as reported from a validated postal questionnaire, was obtained from 204 women with scleroderma [mean year of birth (yob) 1942] and compared to that reported by 233 women with primary Raynaud's phenomenon (mean yob 1948) and 189 healthy women from a population register (mean yob 1950). Only pregnancies occurring before symptom onset in the scleroderma group were considered for analysis. All analyses were adjusted for job, social class, age at first pregnancy, smoking habit, and where relevant, parity. The results are expressed as odds ratios (OR) [with 95% confidence limits (CL)] giving the risk of developing scleroderma, with previous exposure to each of the specific reproductive variables analyzed, relative to the 2 comparison groups. The women with scleroderma were more likely than the population women to have had a delay in conception (> or = 12 months): OR 2.6 (1.1, 5.7) or be infertile: OR 2.3 (0.7, 7.2). These differences were not apparent when the scleroderma group was compared to the women with Raynaud's: OR's 0.7 and 1.1, respectively. Similarly there was a greater self report of maternal ill health in pregnancy in the group with scleroderma compared to the population women: OR 2.1 (1.2, 3.5) but not compared to the women with Raynaud's: OR 1.0 (0.7, 1.6).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Type

Journal article

Journal

The Journal of rheumatology

Publication Date

10/1992

Volume

19

Pages

1575 - 1579

Addresses

Department of Epidemiology, London Hospital Medical College, UK.

Keywords

Humans, Pregnancy Complications, Raynaud Disease, Scleroderma, Systemic, Questionnaires, Retrospective Studies, Reproduction, Pregnancy, Female