Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

We have engineered GPCR (G protein-coupled receptor) knock-out and high GAG-binding affinity into CXCL12α to inhibit CXCL12α-induced cell migration. Compared to wtCXCL12, the mutant CXCL12α (Δ8 L29K V39K) exhibited a 5.6-fold and a 2.2-fold affinity increase for heparin and heparan sulfate, respectively. From NaCl-based heparin displacement chromatography we concluded that more amino acid replacements would lead to altered GAG (glycosaminoglycan) ligand specificity. GAG silencing by this mutant was shown in a murine seeding model of human cancer cells, whereby a greatly reduced number of liver metastases was detected when the animals were treated intravenously with 1mg/kg CXCL12α (Δ8 L29K V39K) before cancer cell application.

Original publication




Journal article


Febs lett

Publication Date





2819 - 2824


Cancer therapy, Carbohydrate binding protein, Chemokine, Glycosaminoglycan, Protein engineering, Tumour metastasis, Animals, Cell Line, Tumor, Chemokine CXCL12, Female, Gene Silencing, Glycosaminoglycans, Humans, Liver, Mice, Mutation, Protein Engineering, Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled, Signal Transduction