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JMJD3 is a member of the KDM6 subfamily and catalyzes the demethylation of lysine 27 on histone H3 (H3K27). This protein was identified as a useful tool in understanding the role of epigenetics in inflammatory conditions and in cancer as well. Guided by a virtual fragment screening approach, we identified the benzoxazole scaffold as a new hit suitable for the development of tighter JMJD3 inhibitors. Compounds were synthesized by a microwave-assisted one-pot reaction under catalyst and solvent-free conditions. Among these, compound 8 presented the highest inhibitory activity (IC50 = 1.22 ± 0.22 μM) in accordance with molecular modeling calculations. Moreover, 8 induced the cycle arrest in S-phase on A375 melanoma cells.

Original publication




Journal article


Acs med chem lett

Publication Date





601 - 605