A diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis does not predict physical activity 2 years later in older adults: findings from the Hertfordshire Cohort Study.
Clynes MA., Parsons C., Edwards MH., Tobias JH., Deere K., Cooper C., Dennison EM.
Osteoarthritis (OA) can negatively impact levels of physical activity (PA), although current clinical advice promotes the benefits of staying active in preventing joint degeneration. In this study, we examine how knee OA, assessed by self-report, clinical assessment and radiographic assessment, impacts upon objectively measured PA 2 years later. The study population is comprised of 114 subjects from the Hertfordshire Cohort Study (HCS). The presence of OA at the knee was determined from self-report, and clinical and radiological examination, defined according to American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria and Kellgren and Lawrence grading system. Two years later, Gulf Coast Data Concepts (GCDC) tri-axial accelerometers were used to measure day-to-day levels of PA. Vertical acceleration peaks over 7 days, expressed in g units, were categorised into low (0.5 ≤ g < 1.0), medium (1.0 ≤ g < 1.5) and high (≥ 1.5 g) impacts. The study comprises 69 men and 45 women. The mean (SD) age was 78.5 (2.6) for men and 78.6 (2.7) for women. Low count numbers were recorded in the medium and high impact bands. We found no significant reduction in low, medium or high impacts in individuals who had been previously diagnosed with self-reported, radiographic or clinical knee OA in this sample after adjustment for age, sex and BMI. In our cohort, participants with knee OA were no less likely to partake in objectively measured weight-bearing activity 2 years after assessment than counterparts without a diagnosis of knee OA.