The impact of hip fracture on health-related quality of life and activities of daily living: the SPARE-HIP prospective cohort study.
Prieto-Alhambra D., Moral-Cuesta D., Palmer A., Aguado-Maestro I., Bardaji MFB., Brañas F., Bueno GA., Caeiro-Rey JR., Cano IA., Barres-Carsi M., Delgado LG., Salomó-Domènech M., Etxebarria-Foronda I., Ferrer BL., Mills S., Herrando LE., Mifsut D., Evangelista LDR., Nogués X., Perez-Coto I., Blasco JM-I., Martín-Hernández C., Kessel H., Serra JT., Solis JR., Suau OT., Vaquero-Cervino E., Hernández CP., Mañas LR., Herrera A., Díez-Perez A.
PURPOSE: The medical morbidity and mortality associated with neck of femur fractures is well-documented, whereas there is limited data for patient-reported outcomes. The aim of this study was to characterize the impact of neck of femur fractures on activities of daily living and patient-reported health-related quality of life. METHODS: Design and participants: Multicentric prospective cohort study. Consecutive sample patients with fragility hip fracture over 50 years old admitted in 48 hospitals in Spain. OUTCOMES: daily living activity function (Barthel Index) and health-related quality of life (EQ-5D) pre-fracture, admission to hospital and at 1- and 4-month follow-up post-fracture. STATISTICS: Barthel and EQ-5D over time are described as mean (SD) and median (interquartile range). RESULTS: A total of 997 patients were recruited at baseline with 4-month outcomes available for, and 856 patients (89.5%). Barthel Index fell from 78.77 (23.75) at baseline to 43.62 (19.86) on admission to hospital with the fracture. Scores partially recovered to 54.89 (25.40) and 64.09 (21.35) at 1- and 4-month post-fracture, respectively. EQ-5D fell from a median of 0.75 (0.47-0.91) to - 0.01 (- 0.03 to 0.51) on admission. Partial recovery was observed again to (0.51 (- 0.06 to 0.67)) and (0.60 (0.10 to 0.80)) at 1- and 4-month post-fracture, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Hip fracture results in a large decline in the ability to perform activities of daily living and patient-reported health-related quality of life with only partial recovery amongst survivors 4-month post-fracture.