Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Seventy-seven persons with a variety of heritable chondrodysplasias were screened for gross rearrangements of the structural gene encoding the major cartilage collagen, collagen II. None was found. Segregation of the locus (COL2A1) was studied in 19 pedigrees using three restriction site dimorphisms (shown by PvuII, HindIII, and BamHI) and a length polymorphism as linkage markers. Discordant segregation between COL2A1 and the mutant locus was seen in pedigrees with multiple epiphyseal dysplasia, autosomal recessive spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda, hypochondroplasia, pseudoachondroplasia, diaphyseal aclasis, and trichorhinophalangeal syndrome. One pedigree with diastrophic dysplasia was weakly concordant. Autosomal dominant spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda and metaphyseal chondrodysplasia (type Schmid) were not informative. We conclude that mutations of the collagen II gene are not a common feature of the heritable chondrodysplasias. Since the chondrocyte binding protein, chondrocalcin, is also encoded at COL2A1 our conclusions apply equally to this gene.


Journal article


Journal of medical genetics

Publication Date





521 - 527


Nuffield Department of Pathology, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford.


Humans, Cartilage Diseases, Collagen Diseases, Collagen, Collagen Type II, Calcium-Binding Proteins, Protein Precursors, DNA, Genetic Markers, Chromosome Mapping, Pedigree, DNA Mutational Analysis, Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length, Genes, Female, Male