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OBJECTIVE: Although vascular endothelial growth factor inhibition (VEGFi) represents a major therapeutic advance in oncology, it is associated with hypertension and adverse vascular thrombotic events. Our objective was to determine whether VEGFi caused direct vascular dysfunction through increased endothelin-1 (ET-1) activity or impaired endothelial vasomotor or fibrinolytic function. METHODS: Using forearm venous occlusion plethysmography, we measured forearm blood flow during intra-arterial infusions of bevacizumab (36-144 μg/dl forearm volume per minute) administered for 15-60 min in healthy volunteers (n = 6-8). On two separate occasions in 10 healthy volunteers, we further measured forearm blood flow and tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) release during intra-arterial bradykinin infusion (100 and 1000 pmol/min) in the presence and absence of bevacizumab (144 μg/dl forearm volume per minute), and the presence and absence of endothelin A receptor antagonism with BQ-123 (10 nmol/min). Plasma t-PA and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) concentrations were measured at baseline and with each dose of bradykinin. RESULTS: Baseline blood flow and plasma ET-1, t-PA and PAI-1 concentrations were unaffected by bevacizumab. Bradykinin caused dose-dependent vasodilatation (P 

Original publication




Journal article


J hypertens

Publication Date





257 - 265


Adult, Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological, Bevacizumab, Blood Flow Velocity, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Double-Blind Method, Forearm, Healthy Volunteers, Humans, Infusions, Intra-Arterial, Male, Middle Aged, Plethysmography, Pulsatile Flow, Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor, Regional Blood Flow, Tissue Plasminogen Activator, Vasodilation, Young Adult