Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

MT1-MMP is a type I transmembrane proteinase that promotes cell migration and invasion. Here, we report that MT1-MMP is palmitoylated at Cys574 in the cytoplasmic domain, and this lipid modification is critical for its promotion of cell migration and clathrin-mediated internalization. The palmitoylation-defective mutant (C574A) failed to promote cell migration and was not internalized through clathrin pathway like wild-type, but it was internalized through the caveolae pathway. Reintroducing a cysteine at different positions in the cytoplasmic tail of the C574A mutant revealed that the position of the palmitoylated cysteine relative to LLY573, a motif that interacts with mu2 subunit of adaptor protein 2, is critical for the cell motility-promoting activity of MT1-MMP and its clathrin-mediated internalization. Taken together, palmitoylation of MT1-MMP is one of the key posttranslational modifications that determines MT1-MMP-dependent cell migration.

Original publication




Journal article


Faseb j

Publication Date





1326 - 1328


Amino Acid Motifs, Animals, CHO Cells, COS Cells, Caveolae, Cell Movement, Chlorocebus aethiops, Clathrin, Cricetinae, Cysteine, Matrix Metalloproteinase 14, Matrix Metalloproteinases, Matrix Metalloproteinases, Membrane-Associated, Mice, Palmitic Acid, Protein Processing, Post-Translational