Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

High-quality monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) with specificity for relevant disease molecules can now be produced in abundance. Anti-tumour necrosis factor-alpha therapies have set a new standard for symptom control in rheumatoid arthritis, and blockade of tumour necrosis factor has the potential to protect joints from structural damage. Other targets for therapeutic antibodies include the cytokines interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, IL-8, IL-15, IL-17 and IL-18. In addition, there is preliminary evidence for the clinical efficacy of both keliximab, a mAb targeting the T cell antigen CD4, and rituximab, a chimeric mAb against the B cell antigen CD20 and CTLA4-Ig, which blocks the CD28/B7 interaction. Phase III studies have yet to be undertaken for these novel biological agents, and it is unclear whether any of these agents will have true disease-modifying capabilities.

Original publication




Journal article


Current opinion in pharmacology

Publication Date





323 - 328


The Kennedy Institute of Rheumatology Division, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, 1 Aspenlea Road, London W6 8LH, UK.


Humans, Arthritis, Rheumatoid, Inflammation, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Cytokines, Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic