In vitro method to characterize diffusion of dye from polymeric particles: a model for drug release.
Pancholi K., Stride E., Edirisinghe M.
The release profile of a drug delivery system is a key factor in determining its efficacy. In the case of a polymeric particle based system, the release profile is a function of several parameters including particle diameter and porosity. The effects of these parameters are usually investigated experimentally using UV-spectroscopy. Predicting the drug release profile from particles as a result of the interaction of many parameters is desirable in order to facilitate the design of more efficient drug delivery particles. In this work, a quantitative method of determining the diffusion profile is developed which removes the need for repetitive experimentation. Particles of polymethylsilsesquioxane were prepared using coaxial electrohydrodynamic atomization and collected in solutions containing different concentrations of Evans blue dye (6, 0.6, and 0.06 mg/mL) which was used to simulate a drug. The dye release profile was calculated by solving the unsteady state diffusion equation for parameters used in the experiments. It was demonstrated that the dye release profile from particles with diameters ranging from 400 nm to 9 mum can be calculated using a simple equation without addition of a dissolution term, if the volume ratio of surrounding liquid to particle in the unsteady second order solution is substituted by the surface area of particles to liquid volume ratio. The calculated data are found to be in good agreement with the experimental, indicating that this method can be used to determine the diffusion coefficient as a function of particle diameter and material. This study represents a crucial step toward developing a full drug release model.