Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the one-year period prevalence and factors associated with falls in a community based cohort of women with established inflammatory polyarthritis (IP). METHODS: The Norfolk Arthritis Register is a primary-care based inception cohort of subjects with IP aged 16 years and over. At the 10-year visit, subjects completed the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) and were examined for both active and inactive joint involvement. A subset of subjects was invited to complete a questionnaire about falls in the previous 12 months and questions about putative risk factors for falls. Logistic regression was used to determine whether there was any association between falls in the previous year and both putative disease and non-disease related risk factors. RESULTS: Of the 316 women (mean age 59 yrs) who completed the falls questionnaire, 34% reported a fall in the previous year. Falls were more frequent in those over age 75 years, although there was no significant linear increase in risk with age. Swollen joint count [per 10 joints, odds ratio (OR) 1.7; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.0, 2.8] and increasing visual analog scale pain score (per 10 mm, OR 1.1; 95% CI 1.0, 1.2) were associated with an increased risk of falls. Those who fell had higher overall HAQ scores (OR 1.7; 95% CI 1.3, 2.3) as well as higher scores for all of the individual domains of the HAQ (OR 1.7 to 2.2). Similarly, low levels of outdoor physical activity (OR 3.3; 95% CI 1.7, 6.5), impaired vision (OR 2.7; 95% CI 1.2, 6.3), and impaired general health (OR 2.9; 95% CI 1.7, 4.8) were associated with an increased risk of falls. In a multivariate model, HAQ score, low levels of physical activity, impaired vision, and impaired general health were independently linked with falls. Sixty-one percent of subjects with 3 of these risk factors had reported a fall in the previous year. CONCLUSION: In this inception cohort of women with longstanding IP, one in 3 reported falling in the previous year. Using a simple measure, a group that had particularly high risk can be identified.


Journal article


J rheumatol

Publication Date





690 - 694


Accidental Falls, Adolescent, Adult, Age Distribution, Aged, Arthritis, Rheumatoid, Cohort Studies, Community Health Services, Disability Evaluation, Female, Health Status, Humans, Middle Aged, Pain Measurement, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Severity of Illness Index, Surveys and Questionnaires, United Kingdom